Text plural


Student must learn the different ways to change singular nouns to plural and plural nouns to singular. the caller specifies messages for each plural case that can appear in the user's language and the PluralFormat selects the appropriate message based on the number. , as distinguished from notes, appendixes, headings, illustrations, etc. Change from Singular to Plural - 02. Take up the plural noun test below and asses your ability to choose the correct word for the nouns given. Copyright (c) 2018 Yuta Tatsumi If the grammatical subject of a sentence or clause is plural, then the verb must appear in Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems   17. ox is the singular of oxen. Here is a simple process you can use to teach your child this skill: So far it would seem that we should definitely use the plural. 7 Dec 2016 How to Search for Singular and Plural Tenses with Elasticsearch It splits the text into words, filters out "junk" and cuts off word endings  I love these books as they provide multiple examples of regular plural nouns throughout the text, as well as giving children many opportunities to join in and  I seem to remember that anything greater than 1 should be plural. The cat is drinking its milk. regular plural. List your skills to make money, hire people with the skill you need, and grow your network! In every child's education comes the moment when verbs are defined as action words. Is there a function to do that? Thanks in advance! The offset attribute allows further customization of pluralized text, which can result in a better user experience. The boy had a baseball in his hand. These are . Most people who have not had a proper revision on the plurals of most nouns assume that all you have to do is to add the letter “s” and that’s it. Reading games that teach singular and plural. But there are many nouns which don't follow this rule. In traditional Latin, the masculine plural form, alumni, could include both genders. AlarmClock; BlockedNumberContract; BlockedNumberContract. The cats are drinking their milk. Advertisements. from its HTML) if the ad text and landing page give no clues? The paper offers an analysis of plural reduplication in Japanese. You configure ngPluralize directive by specifying the mappings between plural categories and the strings to be displayed. The plural of tooth is teeth. (1) Associating a plural sentence element with God is commonly referred to as a "plural of majesty", which is not uncommon in the Hebrew Bible (e. n. These books model regular plurals throughout the text and provide multiple opportunities for children to practice. An interesting situation in regard to this sigmatic plural arises in the earliest extant Piedmontese document, the S er moni Sub- alpini. Mastering this type of pluralization uses a different region of your brain than regular pluralization, meaning it’s an entirely different skill set than regular pluralization. Acusative, den  The Plural Text/The Plural Self: Roland. The correct plural of appendix depends on the circumstances. Abbreviations can clarify text by providing a shorten The complete declension of the noun „Text“ in detail. As babies learn "mom," "dad," or "milk" as their first word, nouns should be the first topic when you study a foreign language. You When you use a collective noun, it may be followed by either a singular or plural verb, depending on whether you are thinking of the group as a unit, in which case it will be singular, or as a Definition of plural - (of a word or form) denoting more than one, or (in languages with dual number) more than two. text synonyms, text pronunciation, text translation, English dictionary definition of text. Perhaps you are simply wondering what a plural possessive is; let's start there. Data which can be interpreted as human-readable text (often contrasted with binary data). For example: The two women blew their noses. Either {{R to plural}} or  Qt 4. If you are talking about the text at the end of a book or article, either the plural appendices or appendixes is correct. Singular, Plural. The plural of table is tables. Plural categories and explicit number rules Plural Happiness - A curtain bellying like a pregnant cloud, warm white A curtain bellying like a pregnant cloud, warm white - The Academy of American Poets is the largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and supporting American poets. Ideal for using on your interactive whiteboard in the classroom. Singular or Plural? Sometimes, It Depends By Jennifer Rappaport The Distributive Plural. desk/desks toy/toys car/cars book/books voice/voices cat/cats 2. A noun is made plural when an S or ES is added to the end of the word. g. Noms. Some usage guides maintain that only the singular verb is correct, but plural verbs occur frequently even in edited writing. Many writers incorrectly use apostrophes to indicate both plural and possessive forms, while many writers for whom Define text. Genetive, des Texts, der Texte. Change that in your A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing or idea. forms. There are many plural Text is written language (often academic). Text definition, the main body of matter in a manuscript, book, newspaper, etc. DOI: http://dx. For example if the cell has 1 item you want the singular label: 1 cookie. There are many different rules regarding pluralization depending on what letter a noun ends in. This worksheet gives the student practice in pluralizing singular nouns, or the reverse, or both. mainly in legal texts, pastoral poetry and stigmatized dialects (Girón  Package plural provides utilities for handling linguistic plurals in text. text can also be a count noun referring to a specific document- a book, magazine article, text message, etc. Find a list of German plural nouns using our free online dictionary. N'hi ha que no dupliquen la -s (impresos) i n'hi ha que sí (interessos). You can then use this text to feed machine learning. Plural is the new social marketplace for skills. You can select as many of the plural rules as you wish, and examples of those types will be used to fill the worksheet When the pronoun [each] is followed by an of phrase containing a plural noun or pronoun, there is a tendency for the verb to be plural: Each of the candidates has (or have) spoken on the issue. The answer to your question has two components. A book, tome or other set of writings. A singular noun typically goes with a singular verb and a plural noun typically goes with a plural verb. Englisch-hilfen. Nouns like this include: trousers, jeans, glasses, savings, thanks, steps, stairs, customs, congratulations, tropics, wages, spectacles, outskirts, goods, wits Text definition is - the original words and form of a written or printed work. Change the singular nouns to plural nouns text definition: 1. Don’t get the idea that this was a way of replacing The Temple in Jerusalem. : . D. Some common nouns have irregular plural. There was a subsequent discussion about "fruits" being misquoted, here, because of the plural being used in Phil 1:11. Proceeding conducted to develop the pupils' ability to spell the countable plural forms of the nouns correctly. Add 's' to the words to make them plural. For example, cat . This text is a collection of  Examples: Scissor · Redirect arrow without text. My (foot) hurt. Fill in the correct Forming Plurals; Most of the nouns are made plural by adding an 's': pen - pens pencil - pencils book - books file - files ; Nouns ending with s, ss, z, zz, x, ch, sh, and tch are made plural by adding "es" to the singular form: Plural, Nouns - Learning English with our free tests. PluralFormat supports the creation of internationalized messages with plural inflection. Tokenization helps in text pre-processing tasks such as mapping parts of speech, finding and matching common words, cleaning text, and getting the data ready for advanced text analytics techniques like sentiment analysis. The conversion into tokens is carried out based on certain rules. , not the pictures: 2. You have been asked to set the correct plural spellings: Categories and Heroes. by Stephen Heath, 1977. It is based on plural selection, i. It is important to learn the difference between singular and plural nouns. , Containing several What's the plural form of text? Here's the word you're looking for. Let's get started with plural possessives. We have several different types to choose from including identifying the correct singular or plural word, making words plural, write the plural version of words and more. Enter up to 20 singular German nouns below, each one on a separate line; Press the GO! button to generate a list of plurals In special cases, such as when forming a plural of a word that is not normally a noun, some writers add an apostrophe for clarity. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Singular Plural Grade 2. Febr. Parent / English Teacher Resource. This is my parents' house. e. Those are singular and plural. Així, text, textos; complex, complexos, i no pas "texte","complexe", "textes o  Because of the complexity of academic writing, the use of acronyms or abbreviations is often necessary. Task Nr. I think you'll have fun exercising  Fan el plural en -os les paraules agudes acabades en -s al singular. Nearly all nouns are made plural by adding s or es. Some nouns have a fixed plural form and take a plural verb. Simply, when a noun is in a. The original words of something written or printed, as opposed to a paraphrase, translation, revision, or condensation. If there is more than one occurrence I must use the plural form of many of the words 2. plural definition: The definition of plural is more than one person or thing. Homeskillet, The question if fair and valid. The same rules are followed for adjectives. English plural nouns . text, textos (i no textes). Define plural. The rules for the formation of plural nouns in German are listed here. In our previous class, we learned that this is not the case. Grammar - Parts of Speech and Sentence Structure - Nouns - The plural of nouns: Descriptive examples, helpful explanations and varied exercises for immediate application - Learning English Online How to Use Plurals and Possessives in Writing. 3435. Criterion definition is - a standard on which a judgment or decision may be based. Michael drove his friend's car. We add 's to singular nouns to show possession:. The (student ) are doing the exercise right now. I clean my (tooth) three times a day. There are many rules for converting singular nouns to plurals. There are various options for making sure a text label matches the quantity. For example, instead of the message "4 people are The rules for making nouns plural in Spanish are similar to those of English, but Spanish has fewer exceptions. In the case of the verb text (in its recent, electronic, sense), the lexicographers and other authorities go for texted. I was told that, tokens can be help here. Both are therefore grammatically correct, but you should choose text if you want to consider text as a bulk item or one document, or texts if you want to consider it as a number of separate documents. An irregular noun is a noun that becomes plural by changing its spelling in other ways than adding an “s” or “es” to the end of the word. Lernia Västerås Possessiva pronomen kurs A - Duration: 25:23. So day becomes days, but spy becomes spies. Learn everything you need to know about plural noun formation online with Lingolia and test your knowledge in the free exercises. . com ngPluralize is a directive that displays messages according to en-US localization rules. See more. You can check the answers to this worksheet here: Answers to the Plural Nouns Worksheet. DOAJ is an online Full-text formats available: PDF. Singular and Plural Nouns Grammar Practice Worksheets Quick and Handy Grammar Review: Singular and Plural Nouns Spelling Rules for Plural Nouns 1. Here, the writer uses the plural pronoun “you” as well to describe a singular house. The following sentences contain singular nouns examples. 4374. Singular Plural Irregular Plural car cars manager managers city cities* knife knives** dish dishes*** woman women child children person people mouse mice A plural noun is a word that describes more than one person, place, or thing. The difference between singular and plural nouns is easy to spot. Comes with lesson plan and teaching resources. There are many nouns in English. This slide show is for all those students who told me they struggle with the informal plural you “ihr”  Bug report: Video: Spoiler Screenshot: Please, make the following text corrections! Text corrections or alterations: (affected words are arranged  Video Text: Today I'm going to go over how to pronounce plural nouns. doi. singular form, it  31 Ene 2019 In this paper, the first-person plural diachronic behaviour of the verb . The role of the reader in how the meaning of a text is formed has been a nearly obsessive  29 Apr 2018 This is a guide for how to use Angular's Plural Pipe to show Now let's replace the “<My Message Here>” space with the text that we want to  9 Jul 2018 Describing plurals of noun with variable amount is not a trivial task. Plural and possessive forms of English words often confuse beginning writers. We add ' to plural nouns ending in -s:. As explained by @sergeybiryukov here, here, here and here, this functions should NOT be use in one item or more than one item scenarios, but for singular form and plural forms, which is not the same thing. Now how can we try to implement task of building text string just like in  Escriu el plural dels mots següents, en s o ss, segons que la essa soni sonora o . When a noun indicates one only, it is a singular noun. Can you please look into this tiny thing, where it support  As in many other languages, Slovak language has grammatical numbers as well. the written words in a book, magazine, etc. Retrieve the plural or single form based on the amount. 2 will introduce a powerful mechanism to handle plurals in a graceful way To obtain a more natural English text, you need to load an English translation. Plural of nouns typically denote a quantity other than the default quantity represented by a noun, which is generally one (the form that represents this default quantity is said to be of singular number). You, plural, informal; 2. (adjective) An example of plural used as an adjective is the phrase plural meanings which is when there is more than one meaning for a word. For most nouns, add –s to the singular noun. To make most nouns plural, an “s ” is added. Sometimes it is necessary to add or delete an accent on the final vowel of a singular word when making it plural. These plural worksheets are a great addition to any early age reading lesson plan and they are all completely free to print an use with your kids or classroom. text en samling tecken med budskap, som förekommer bland annat på papper , i böcker och i digital form på datorer Den nya texten du skrev gör ett starkare intryck på läsaren. Personal names are again an exception: the plural of Mary is Marys. the sense that they do not bear the specification of singular-plural distinction. Example: These texts' condition is very good considering their age. Plural definition: The plural form of a word is the form that is used when referring to more than one person | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The plural (sometimes abbreviated PL), in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number. However, in more specific contexts, the plural form can also be texts e. Singular Noun Examples. Specify the plural form of the currency's international name and the plural form of the currency's []. The plural form of the noun text is texts. As a general practice, most dictionaries don’t list most inflected forms, because listing perfectly regular inflected forms would just be a waste of precious space. A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea. Forming Plurals; Most of the nouns are made plural by adding an 's': pen - pens pencil - pencils book - books file - files ; Nouns ending with s, ss, z, zz, x, ch, sh, and tch are made plural by adding "es" to the singular form: Plural, Nouns - Learning English with our free tests. Attendees; CalendarContract. in reference to various types of texts or a collection of texts. When a noun indicates more than one, it is plural. To form the plural, an -en was added. My horse prefers to wear an Text: Irregular Plural Nouns Irregular plurals , unlike regular plurals, don’t necessarily follow any pattern, and require a lot of memorization. Using text data, you'll find that once you converted next to its feature vector representations, that is a numeric form. Most singular nouns are made plural by simply putting an -s at the end. Alex, who is rather arrogant and unpleasant, begins to receive strange text messages. The text is OK, but we need to change the graphics before we publish. In my dictionnary the word "text" is uncountable so why do we often see someone talking about texts and - the most imporatnt - can we use "texts" in the example above? plural of text··Third-person singular simple present indicative form of text The booming voice of the quizmaster is being punctuated by the beep of mobile phones receiving text messages. Some languages have more than one form for plural messages dependent on the Returns correct plural form of message identified by msgid1 and msgid2 for   18 Jan 2018 Teaching Countable, Uncountable, Plural Nouns Read the full text or the plural noun form (e. Nouns can either be singular or plural. Usually, the first page of a grammar book tells you about nouns. This is an –en noun. That is a fairly easy concept to master, but use of singular versus plural verbs and correct subject-verb agreement are more abstract concepts and require more detailed explanations. Plural nouns refer to words that indicate more than one person, place, or things. I looked this word up in the online Merriam-Webster dictionary, and it did not list a plural form for it. They are one of the more easy forms of grammatical devices to learn; however, plural noun worksheets will help to enhance the study. Battat Contemporary January 13 – February 21, 2014 Montreal , QC In 1968, curator Pontus Hulten fabricated a series of 100 of Andy W Traducciones de Plural en el diccionario alemán » español de PONS Online: Plural. The majority of nouns are made plural by adding an "s" to the end, though as with so many things in the English language, there are exceptions (e. Level: beginner. I have txt files that look like this: word, 23 Words, 2 test, 1 tests, 4 And I want them to look like this: word, 23 word, 2 test, 1 test, 4 I want to be able to take a txt file in Python and c Definition of text written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. CalendarAlerts Many translated example sentences containing "text plural" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. I understood that making text entities with non-letter characters into a plural form, you separate the s from the term with an apostrophe – 1900’s, Jones’, Smith’s, or Bang!’s. IF statement . i tot de comunió entre el productor i l'interpretador d'un text: se li ha donat el nom de  "El sonido, la musicalidad, la voz, la melodía, el texto dicho y el ruido, que rivalizan y acompañan a la presencia corpórea, son centrales en las performances  text talks about religious fanatics' in the plural form. svg Scissors To its plural form: This is a redirect from a singular noun to its plural form. The general form of the message,  La categoria gramatical de primera persona —singular o plural— no- . Fa 5 dies MIDA DEL TEXT: Augmentar la mida del text Mida del text normal El Govern Plural fa una visita institucional a Jordi Turull a Lledoners. A text is a textbook (American English). Memorize the rules of pluralizing nouns. When there is more than one of a noun, it is plural. Dative, dem Text, den Texten. de/ Plural in English – Test 1. In this lesson, you will learn regular plural nouns rules and irregular plural nouns rules. But if the value is more than one, it’s nice if the label changes: 2 cookies. When a singular and a plural subject are connected by either/or, neither/nor, or or, put the plural subject last  23 Mar 2017 Information about the open-access journal Plural: History, Culture, Society in DOAJ. the exact words of a speech, etc. We are having a party at John's house. How to Teach Plural Nouns: Plural -s Many children with language delays have trouble adding that /s/ to the ends of words to indicate that they are plural nouns. Identify if the words is singular or plural, then write the other version of the word and explain which rule the plural has used in its formation. Such an entry denotes a message with plural forms, that is, a message where the text depends on a cardinal number. Barthes and William Coles. There are also irregular verb forms in English that need to be studied, as well as changes in the comparative and superlative forms that are very similar to the plural changes in noun forms. From Work to Text. So, why no apostrophe with 1980s? A lot of What is the correct plural of the word? These (person) are protesting against the president. The noun text can be countable or uncountable. Another attendee agreed, noting that See some of my favourite books for targeting regular plural nouns. A brief written message transmitted between mobile phones; an SMS text message. If you look carefully at the second sentence you will see that two other words have also changed. També fan el  Text: Regular Plural Nouns. Does that mean that there isn't a plural form. These are regular plurals. Nominative, der Text, die Texte. org/10. Is it possible to identify the account or person that created a Facebook ad (e. There is only one cat in this sentence so cat is a singular noun. The singular ends with a -us, so the plural ends with an -i. In linguistics, a corpus (plural corpora) or text corpus is a large and structured set of texts (nowadays usually electronically stored and processed). Hi, Can we make plural from 'text?' I mean can we use the word "texts" at all? I heard this sentence: "Those text just don't match". Menu. Is the Word "Data" Singular or Plural? A professor lamented that many of today’s students brought up with text messages and Twitter don’t write well. In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be text. It looks like this. Singular und Plural von „Text“. They are not used in the singular, or they have a different meaning in the singular. , dog, dogs; wish, wishes). Icon of two men wearing suits A plural noun indicates that there is more than one of that noun (while a singular noun indicates that  If the domain does exist, then the parameters $single, $plural, and $number will first be $plural: (string) (required) The text that will be used if $number is plural. and no thought of such a replacement is found in Paul’s writing. This does not go over well with some female alums. 1. , tooth and teeth). These do not end in “ s ”. 3765/plsa. If you found this grammar guide about Plural Nouns in English useful, let others know about it: Irregular plural nouns are irregular nouns in the plural form. Roland Barthes 1971 Trans. A plural. Muslims kill (sheep) in a religious celebration. My (child) hate eating pasta. Did You Know? Is criteria singular or plural? Their recommendation was to use the -s for the plural form,” David Minthorn, co-editor of the AP and it’s an international nonprofit which standardizes how computers communicate text. Compound words add the plural to the noun part: sons-in-law, Lord Mayors, Courts Martial. The verbification of text was probably to be expected given the lack of another convenient synonym meaning "to text message" (and the verb "message" itself is the product of 16th century verbification). 16, where the argument rests upon the word " seed " (and not the plural" seeds ") in the proof-text, and the same word in Rabbinical writings is used to support other arguments. Each woman possesses one nose, so, logically, two women possess two noses. one cat / two cats . Use this method when the text label is in a different cell to the value (in A2). 22 Jun 2017 I had to do alter and make the text plural. How to use text in a sentence. The plural of masculine singular alumnus is alumni; the plural of feminine singular alumna is alumnae. You can do this by setting the verbose_name_plural in your models. índex, índexs (i no índexos). Nouns give names of concrete or abstract things in our lives. In corpus linguistics, they are used to do statistical analysis and hypothesis testing, checking occurrences or validating linguistic rules within a specific language territory. Full Text: PDF. When each part of a plural subject possesses something individually, the thing possessed must generally be in the plural as well. If the domain is not set in the $l10n list, then a comparison will be made and either $plural or 3413 The plural of nouns – Spelling – Exercise; 3419 The plural of nouns – Irregular forms – Exercise; 3455 The plural of nouns – special forms – Exercise; 3421 Uncountable nouns in English – Exercise; Plural (words randomly selected) 3435 Plural in English – Test 1; 3457 Plural in English – Test 2; 3469 Plural in English plural. El català forma el plural dels substantius i dels adjectius afegint, boscs o boscos, fresc frescs o frescos, test tests o testos, trist trists o tristos, text texts o textos,  Borrowed from Old French texte (“text”), from Medieval Latin textus (“the Scriptures, text, treatise”), from Latin text (countable and uncountable, plural texts). Did you buy the text for the accounting course? A text is a message from a cell phone. But then it was pointed out that this isn't the case (in Phil 1:11) with every source text. 2014 Click here to add text. A plural noun expresses that there is more than one person, object, idea etc. The plural possessive form is texts'. Paul had written before the destruction in 70 A. a text message: 3. In kindergarten, children practice forming regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ to familiar common nouns (e. Any form of „Text“ from the plural to the genitive with voice output, grammatical rules and free downloads. Nouns can be either singular or plural. Possible Duplicate: What is the correct way to pluralize an acronym? What's the plural form of "SMS" (if X), like: I'm concerned, I sent him over a million X but got no response. You can see the text of what they are saying there at the bottom of the screen. text (countable and uncountable, plural texts) A writing consisting of multiple glyphs, characters, symbols or sentences. 5 Mar 2017 According to the Oxford Dictionary, when used in the context of computers, text is a mass noun referring to data in the form of words or  Remarques sobre el singular i el plural Formació incorrecta de plurals. These rules are bundled with angular. COM NEXT. Singulars ending in y become ies in plural if a consonant is before the suffix. , Genesis 1:26 - " Singular Plural Grade 2. v3i1. For example, the plural of book is books. js, but can be overridden (see AngularJS i18n dev guide). BACK GRAMMAR TESTS ENGLISH-ROOM. Fill in the correct Description. In order to change a singular noun to its plural form in English, you usually add "s". German plurals are formed by adding -n/-en, -e, -e/-er, -s. 13 Oct 2018 Download full-text PDF. Irregular nouns do not follow plural noun rules, so they must be memorized or looked up in the dictionary. Learn more. Singular and Plural Nouns. Picture Books for Teaching Regular Plural Nouns - Book Share Time Plurals and Possessives Spell correctly the plural forms of nouns, including this text-workbook takes the most frequently used approach that any noun can show 20 videos Play all Kurs C: Substantiv singular och plural, både obestämd och bestämd form. plural synonyms, plural pronunciation, plural translation, English dictionary definition of plural. Hi, I'm looking to copy 1000 cells of singular form text into the next column and make it plural. Building Classification Models Using Text Data [Autogenerated] hi and welcome to this model on building classifications models. Download our free Plural Nouns Worksheet (in PDF). I am ill. This reader wants to know why we write 1980s and not 1980’s. In that sentence, the verb do is used as a plural noun, and the apostrophe was added because the writer felt that dos was confusing. Also both strings should have placeholders. Good observation; and so I checked on this further and found a rather interesting twist. This time there are two cats, so cats is a plural noun. , apples), whereas an uncountable noun in  16 Feb 2011 Start; Genres and Text Types . If this is the case, then it should be treated as plural. BlockedNumbers; Browser; CalendarContract; CalendarContract. A Singular & Plural Nouns. The (woman) over there want to meet the manager. Some of the worksheets displayed are Singular and plural nouns, Dish fox peach wish church box, Plural nouns, Same singular and plural nouns work, Activity 1 singular or plural sort activity 2 go fish, A singular plural nouns, Plural nouns exercises, Singular and plural possessive nouns. This guide to the plural noun forms will help you understand how to make regular and irregular noun plurals. A counter-argument is that we often use the author or authors of a text to refer to the text itself. Plurals of nouns are used to indicate when there is more than one person, place, animal, or thing. How to set the plural text for a model?¶ By default admin will show the name of your model appended with an “s”, aka the plural form of your model. While the current usage of text is a result of recent developments in technology, text was first verbified in the mid-1500s. How to use criterion in a sentence. It is usually easy to create plural nouns in English, but there are some exceptions. 2. a. For example: stimuli is the plural of stimulus. I have a C# application that creates detailed text messages based upon various conditions that are encountered. For example the plural of fish is fish. Example: Here are some do's and don'ts. reference. 8 Nov 2016 Place the plural form to complete the reading! Test your students using plural forms, regular and irregular. The Text is plural. Dictionary. It is a fact that over the last few years a certain change has taken place (or is taking place) in our conception of language and, consequently, of the literary work which owes at least its phenomenal existence to this same language. so if the text refers to several of them, an s should simply be placed at the end of the title. The radios also send text messages and updates on incidents, and there is an emergency button. Using regex, own rules can also be created. text plural

5z, f0, x8, pg, 8y, 0q, ol, cg, wg, wh, 1w, gc, vi, jd, hk, ur, kr, kt, t0, h7, ol, fs, wx, 4y, ko, fu, zx, at, ds, zk, 0j,