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Sysinternals dll viewer

for all processes and modules, additional useful information is also displayed: product name, version, company name, description of the file, the size of the file, and more. If you are satisfied with the free trial of our software, please buy a license after your evaluation period. This 12. sysinternals. exe process. dll (witch came wth the FileGenerator plugin), Then close the Add-Ins window. The Sysinternals utilities are vital tools for any computer professional on the Windows platform. This file is part of Sysinternals autoruns. At one point in the conversation he asked me if it's possible to view the strings in the compiled application, because he tried and didn't see them. Process Explorer began in the early Sysinternals days as two separate utilities, HandleEx and DLLView, which were merged in 2001. dll. Details for (old) Version 1. How to unlock a file handle locked by SYSTEM or any other active process in Windows (if we switch it to DLL mode) Try to use SysInternals Process Explorer to Download SysInternals Suite from Sysinternals Suite Web page, and extract all files into a new subfolder under the main folder of NirLauncher. AccessChk This tool shows you the accesses the user or group you specify has to files, Registry keys or Windows services. Today, with new tools and many enhancements throughout, Sysinternals is more valuable than ever. Which program in Visual Studio lets me look into DLLs to see its API? There's also the DLL export viewer if you don Similar functionality is also available in Friday, May 30, 2008 3:55 PM 668 About_This_Site. exe portable tool which is part of Sysinternals Suite, e. a free utility that scans any 32-bit or 64-bit Windows module (exe, dll, ocx, sys, etc. Try using Process Monitor (live. Jul 3, 2016 ListDLLs is a utility that reports the DLLs loaded into processes. dll within the folder. 2:[/B] This major update to Process Explorer, a Task Manager replacement, merges Autoruns functionality by adding a new Autostart Location column and property to the process and DLL views that indicates where an image is configured to automatically start or load. Dec 1, 2010 The Sysinternals utilities offer a powerful, convenient way to knock out In DLL mode, the pane displays the DLLs and memory-mapped files  PE Explorer DLL Inspector provides important information about entry points, numbers, names and calling syntax of exported functions. Monitor file system, Registry, process, thread and DLL activity in real Simply run Process Explorer (procexp. You can easily copy the memory address of the desired function, paste it into your debugger, and set a breakpoint for this memory address. The individual tools also contain the EULA and you are prompted for acceptance at each initial execution. DLL Handles Viewer . ), including those that were built for Windows CE. old" in path, like this: Open Cleanmgr, select Previous windows installation entry and click OK. 47 MB) - you plan on using Process Explorer on 32-bit NT/2K/XP/Server 2003 PE Explorer Download Free 30-Day Trial. exe as shown below. com) from Windows SysInternals. pe_view combines a Portable Executable (PE) parsing engine with that of a viewer. The unique capabilities of Process Explorer make it useful for tracking down DLL-version problems or handle leaks, and provide insight into the way Windows and applications work. It follows the general lead of the built-in Windows Task Manager tool, but extends the feature set greatly. It is developed and actively maintained by Wayne J. ini', and put it in the same folder that you Installed DLL Export Viewer utility. Autorunsc shows programs configured to autostart during boot. You can use DUMPBIN to examine COFF object files, standard libraries of COFF objects, executable files, and dynamic-link libraries (DLLs). This file contains the individual troubleshooting tools and help files. You can use it to list all DLLs loaded into all processes, into a specific process,  Jun 27, 2019 Find out what files, registry keys and other objects processes have open, which DLLs The official guide to the Sysinternals utilities by Mark Russinovich viewer; ListDLLs - a command-line DLL viewer; PsList - local/remote  you can use Dependency Walker to view the function name. exe could be a part of Sysinternals Debug Output Viewer but safe for your computer. exe will be executed on your PC. FastStone Image Viewer 6. 85 MB (30,253,088 bytes). Anyone else Windows Sysinternals is a website which offers technical resources and utilities to manage, diagnose, troubleshoot, and monitor a Microsoft Windows environment. Download a fully functional evaluation version of our software for free. Is there any way to get a report of all the files and folders a specified user has access to on a given server? In the following table, you can find a list of programs that can open files with . Sysmon is running in the background all the time, and is writing events to the event log. com. exe from Sysinternals: Sigcheck - Windows Sysinternals | Microsoft Docs. read the following from  Displays the list of all exported functions and their virtual memory addresses for the specified DLL files. Autostart program viewer. exe is usually located in the %DOCS_SETTINGS% sub-folder and its usual size is 646,184 bytes. exe is found in in a subdirectory of the "My Documents" folder. Nirsoft has created 3 informational sites containing a standard default list of DLL files located in the system32 directory of Windows XP, 7 and 8. RunDLL32. exe? The genuine Autoruns. Filter This tool can make reading the Event Viewer easier : MyEventViewer can be checked at the time of the Event to within a second or so of the time of the Event to provide more information as to possible cause - see TIP. dll; or it can specify a folder, . you can see the function's parameters only if it's decorated. dll is loaded into the address space of iexplore. res or *. No longer do you need to do it manually. Autoruns. AccessChk v4. 23 (19 dicembre 2008) Questo aggiornamento risolve un bug che a volte ha causato AccessChk per non mostrare la lista completa dei diritti e di privilegio a un account utente. dll, plds4. One Caveat is that Event Viewer doesn’t log blocked dll by software restriction policy , it logs only the executable information which is not really helpfull either in troubleshooting, which winds down to checking the Process Monitor (sysInternals) and get the export of the logs of Microsoft Edge. First published on TechNet on Mar 06, 2011 Continuing the theme of focusing on A site dedicated to free to use Windows software. exe from your PC. old. In DLL mode, the pane displays the DLLs I have an RDSH running Windows Server 2019. Download DebugView. Identifier record that tells Vista that the file came from the Internet. Process Explorer is a utility that provides information about which handles and dlls each process has open. 21, Pskill v1. exe Tuesday, November 21, 2017 4:50 PM 409760 accesschk64. exe on Windows XP, Vista and 7. ) a module's session to a text report file for easy viewing in any text viewer. exe , to my surprise SRP wasnt blocking any Windows Portable Executable Viewer (pe_view). com to find out more detailed information about all the running processes. Sysinternals Autoruns is a freeware software app filed under windows boot software and made available by Microsoft for Windows. Sigcheck v1. 0 and higher do not (require credui. Radburn, who also has some other neat software you can find on his website. Sysinternals Utilities for Nano Server in a single download. pml extension. com tip to execute them from the run bar. Handle - a command-line handle viewer; ListDLLs - a command-line DLL viewer From using SysInternals Process Explorer you can also confirm and that WININET. DLL Handles Viewer. Using Process Explorer as an Awesome Tray Icon Monitor. Description CurrProcess utility displays the list of all processes currently running on your system. zip download and assume the Build Date of the suite is one day later. The easiest way to check that is download tools sigcheck. binwalk - search the specified file(s) for executable opcodes common to a variety of CPU architectures. If you start the software Sysinternals Debugview on your PC, the commands contained in dbgview. DLL Export Viewer is also available in other languages. For each process, you can view the list of all modules (DLL files) that the process loads into memory. DLL Export Viewer is a downloadable Windows-based application that serves as a practical utility in displaying the list of all exported functions and virtual memory addresses for specified DLL files from a computer device. PEview is a lightweight program, being a small standalone executable around 70kb in size. exe). Description: File version and signature viewer Product: Sysinternals  About this Talk. filename - the name of the file that is to be modified. This section can be very useful but is overwhelming unless you know what you are looking for. Where exactly do these errors pop up at? Is it limited to the Event Viewer or is it a balloon of some kind? If the latter, check out SysInternals AutoRuns from Microsoft TechNet - The scenario: I downloaded a copy of the RealVNC viewer from the RealVNC web site. dll export viewer free download - Dll Export Finder (64-bit), Dll Export Finder (32-bit), PDF-XChange Viewer, and many more programs Sysmon tool from Sysinternals provides a comprehensive monitoring about activities in the operating system level. As the name suggests, PEview is a viewer for PE files. Relative to the overall usage of users who have this installed on their PCs, most are running Windows 7 (SP1) and Windows XP. Remote Process Viewer (Freeware) Remote Process Viewer is a free remote Windows Task Manager for your network. PE Explorer is compatible with Windows 7 (32- and 64 Description. [ Also see Get full name of the user currently logged in to the system, General: Who's logged in?] Sysinternals. 66 for Windows. Mark Russinovich's popular "Case Of The Unexplained" demonstrates some of their capabilities in advanc Displays information about Common Object File Format (COFF) binary files. Malware can hide as a DLL inside a legitimate process. The "sigcheck" tool from sysinternals is of great help here. Until 2008, Process Explorer worked on Windows 9x, Windows NT 4. a command-line DLL viewer for Win9x/Me and NT/Win2K</ li > dbgview. Sysinternals Suite The entire set of Sysinternals Utilities rolled up into a single download. In other words, these functions are what the file is making available to other programs to call upon. This chapter from Windows Sysinternals Administrator's Reference describes a set of Sysinternals utilities focused on Microsoft Windows security management and operations. SigCheck is a console utility for verifying file digital signatures, listing file hashes, and viewing version information Contribute to xcud/sysinternals-source development by creating an account on GitHub. ia4560, There is a EULA. Process Explorer is a system resources monitoring tool for Windows operating systems. Hunt Down and Kill Malware with Sysinternals Tools (Part 2) - Autoruns; Hunt Down and Kill Malware with Sysinternals Tools (Part 3) Introduction. AccessEnum You can use the 'Process Explorer' from SysInternals. The parsing engine does not use the Windows API to parse the PE structures, so it is compiled and run on other platforms (eg Windows, Linux and Mac OS X). Dependency Walker is a free utility that extracts a hierarchal tree of dependencies from any 32- or 64-bit Windows executable module (EXE, DLL, OCX, SYS, DRV, etc. I have the release versions of these DLLs in Firefox folder. The primary executable is named accesschk. Dot NET assemblies are not yet supported! Additionally, resource item export is also possible. The review for Sysinternals Autoruns has not been completed yet, but it was tested by an editor here on a PC and a list of features has been compiled; see below. nlp link, choose 'Save Link As' or 'Save Target As', and put it in the same folder that you extracted the SysInternals files. Go to File and click Open and choose the dll that you want to decompile, After you have opend it, it will appear in the tree view, Go to Tools and click Generate Files (Crtl+Shift+G), Hereafter, SSIBuild will always version the SysinsternalsSuite. dll which is only [dll file located at c:\Program Files\NVIDIA Corporation\NvStreamSrv] Later on my laptop home-use licence I had the same problem, but this time the first dll giving me problems was 'nvinitx. May 15, 2017 The entire set of Sysinternals Utilities rolled up into a single Active Directory Explorer is an advanced Active Directory (AD) viewer and editor. The user can then click the print setup, and landscape will already be selected, but the user must physically click on landscape, and then click ok on the print setup, then refresh the report, and only then will the reprot display as landscape. Handles are references to a resource such as memory or an open file on disk. In contrast to common Antivirus/HIDS solutions, Sysmon performs system activity deep monitoring, and log high-confidence indicators of advanced attacks. I keep getting a lost file page. The setup package generally installs about 43 files and is usually about 28. Process Memory Editor API Monitor includes a memory editor that lets you view, edit and allocate memory in any process. Feb 27, 2019 Sysinternals is my go to Windows toolkit for malware analysis, . Learn More. Renamed it to *. When Autocad didn't open I ran Autoruns for Windows again and this time it noted a different file, 'acaptuser64. 4 Description. 04 work on Windows 2000; versions 14. exe Autostart program viewer. For this purpose, the file is loaded into the main memory (RAM) and runs there as a Sysinternals Debug Output Viewer process (also called a task). Sysinternals utilities were originally created in 1996 by Mark Russinovich and Bryce Cogswell. dll named as hack. dll, etc) with VC2010 EE. Then find the dll you have downloaded FileGenerator. Sysinternals Process Explorer | Windows Identify which handle or DLL is using a file. Resources Viewer is a . run those command to make sure the running vc runtime library is 64-bit: > dir c:\windows\system32\msvc*. Right click on the sysinternals2. dll Using SysInternal's Debug Viewer, Process Monitor, Process Explorer and Process Process Explorer can be configured to use the DbgHelp. To make your code tell DebugView what it’s doing you use the Debug class in the System. To do this, press the Windows key + R at the same time and then type 'appwiz. exe is a Autostart program viewer. exe Most of the time you will just need to include only the DLL files that are not found in a fresh Windows operating system. Note that the zip files are identical, and Process Explorer runs on all Windows platforms. Installation. ) and builds a hierarchical tree diagram of all dependent modules. 6 MB download contains individual troubleshooting tools and help files of 67 Sysinternals tools, except non-troubleshooting tools like the BSOD Screen Saver or NotMyFault. You can find out this by connecting to ProcessLibrary. Set it to capture entries containing "windows. The Sysinternals Troubleshooting Utilities have been rolled up into a single Suite of tools. This list is created by collecting extension information reported by users through the 'send report' option of FileTypesMan utility. and signature viewer Copyright (C) 2004-2016 Mark Russinovich Sysinternals - www. Oct 25, 2017 The Sysinternals suite has a fantastic array of tools such as PSExec, Process Monitor You can use the Event viewer GUI in Windows to see events, but if you really want to StartModule: C:\Windows\system32\kernel32. 30 I have a situation where some reports are displaying in the viewer in Portrait rather than landscape. Export Function List  Jul 29, 2019 a maintenance operation on. txt Tuesday, November 21, 2017 4:50 PM 792208 accesschk. 63 - File version and signature viewer This file contains machine code. Optimize Windows system reliability and performance with Sysinternals IT pros and power users consider the free Windows Sysinternals tools indispensable for diagnosing, troubleshooting, and deeply understanding the Windows platform. PE Explorer has one of the most convenient and easy-to-use resource editors available for Windows. I'm building some DLLs from Mozilla sources (for example nspr4. It does not contain non-troubleshooting tools like the BSOD Screen Saver or NotMyFault. This pane will display DLLs being used by a process OR handles being utilized by a process. exe is developed by Sysinternals - www. Sysinternals Suite is a software program developed by Microsoft. 10 Sysinternals tools you shouldn't be without. ListDLLs – Analyze DLL Files. Now that we know the ETW Provider name and GUID, we will launch Computer Mgmt and turn on tracing for that component. It uses sample code and techniques described in the KB Article Q176670 and at SysInternals website. Sysinternals Suite Zip file is missing I was trying to download the updated Sysinternals suite from the following site. . For nearly two decades, IT professionals have considered the free Sysinternals tools absolutely indispensable for diagnosing, troubleshooting, and deeply understanding the Windows platform. Here's how to identify what DLL files are being loaded in rundll32. This utility displays the list of all exported functions and their virtual memory addresses for the specified DLL files. 0 and Windows 2000. Sysinternals is a Windows based collection of tools that allows you to manage, troubleshoot, diagnose, and conduct forensic research on Windows systems and applications. This website provides information about a process or Sysinternals Suite L'intera serie di Sysinternals Utilities in un singolo download. Visual editing features let you quickly browse and modify executable file resources from within the file. You can use it to list all DLLs loaded into all processes, into a specific process, or to list the processes that have a particular DLL loaded. Displays information about Common Object File Format (COFF) binary files. C dll c dll c dll dll dll c dll C dl C Cll PrefetchRequastPerfom1 0095 PrefetchRequast PfSetSuperfetchInfomation OKI 82 r. ◇ Learn about Sysinternals tools and techniques for analyzing and cleaning . Also remember to have a copy of the original version. Check out if dbgview. A DLL is dynamically linked library which is loaded at run time. ListDLLs is a software utility that displays all the DLLs loaded into processes. exe is a part of Windows found in WindowsSystem32 and used to run program code in a DLL file as if it was an actual program. 9 PerfView is a performance analysis tool focusing on ETW information (ETL files) as well as CLR memory information (heap dumps). Sigcheck 2. Download Process Explorer (x86 - 1. The problem: when you download a file like this, IE tags it with an additional "NTFS Stream" of information -- specifically with a Zone. dll from " Microsoft  You can use sigcheck. This executable is a Sysinternals untility that allows the user to see what programs and processes are set to start automatically with the operating system. This is an application created by 'Sysinternals - www. dll'. It displays all processes currently running on a chosen network client. exe is not part of Windows, but it is important nonetheless. g. Emitting debug information from your code. In this case, the user logs in with one identity to RDSH of a different forest. For determining basic PE information, PEview the job done well. In addition, the number of parameters that are captured from these API’s can be specified. com/files/Autoruns. Once you find the process or DLL, you wants to know if its really spyware or any kind of malware programs. FileAlyzer observing the PE header of a Ransomware Dll. Diagnostics namespace like so: Process Explorer also has a powerful search capability that will quickly show you which processes have particular handles opened or DLLs loaded. Open Process Explorer. cpl'. com'. Resource Tuner Console addresses the challenge of editing and updating different resource types in large numbers of executable files, and lets you instantly change icons and strings in your compiled 32- and 64-bit EXE, DLL, or RES files from the command line within a second. In the context of Outlook troubleshooting, Process Explorer is commonly used to determine if you have any third-party dlls running under the Outlook. obj) used to compile & link the Dll given a release version? Is it possible with SDK DumpBin utility ? Thanks. 2, Testlimit v5. The Sysinternals suite is one of the many troubleshooting utilities published by Microsoft. It’s great for diagnosing, blue screens (BSOD’s), Viruses, malware, and other software related errors. Easy to use tool for The Sysinternals Troubleshooting Utilities have been rolled up into a single Suite of tools. NET is a program intended to load and show the resources of binary files such as EXE and DLL. May 28, 2014 As the name suggests, PEview is a viewer for PE files. Mark Russinovich joins Andrew Richards and Larry Larsen on this episode of Defrag Tools to talk about the history of Sysinternals, his involvement with the Windows Internals book series and advice on The LDB Viewer is an Access 2000 form that displays information about the users currently connected to the database. In order to change the language of DLL Export Viewer, download the appropriate language zip file, extract the 'dllexp_lng. It can collect and view ETL in a variety of ways. com Command line tool to dump Windows DLL version? The Headers Info Viewer lets you reduce the numerous internal information are in it, the time it was linked, whether it is an executable or a DLL and so on. SSIBuild will find the Date Modified stamp of the most recent file inside the SysinternalsSuite. Frequently occurring are file sizes such as 593,080 bytes (40% of all these files), 661,184 bytes or, as the case may be, 660,160 bytes. Process Explorer is a freeware task manager and system monitor for Microsoft Windows created by SysInternals, Process Explorer began in the early Sysinternals days as two separate utilities, HandleEx and DLLView, which were merged in  Jun 20, 2015 I always feel why the "view dll"/"view handles" is not part of process Viewer as it does give good insight on issues related to what DLLs are being Really enjoy the live. I was having an interesting chat with a colleague. exe. Download link: http://download. The Export Function List Viewer shows those functions that may be called upon by other applications. Below is the complete list of all tools under the latest Sysinternals Suite released on May 3, 2011. The company acquired the suite with its buyout of Sysinternals some years ago, bringing on board its lead developer Mark Russinovich in the process. ◇. For the past few years, each time I've attended the annual MVP Summit in Redmond, a highlight of the conference has been Mark Russinovich's presentation. PE Explorer DLL Inspector provides important information about entry points, numbers, names and calling syntax of exported The other topic (TCPview Crashing) as well as TCPView Faults (Simple TCP/IP Services?) discuss this in some detail; it seems Simple TCP/IP Services and / or IPv6, can have this effect. The resource editor also provides a resource viewer, extractor, and a resource rebuilder. . One of the best features of Process Explorer is the ability to minimize it into the system tray, but instead of just a single icon, it can minimize into a full set of icons that can monitor CPU, I/O, Disk, Network, GPU, and RAM, or any combination of them. The Case of the Sysinternals-Blocking Malware MarkRussinovich on 06-27-2019 12:11 AM. dll file that is within your project folder that you defined when setting up the visual studio project. 47 MB) - you plan on using Process Explorer on Win9x/Me Download Process Explorer (x86 - 1. AccessChk v5. exe file is a software component of Autostart Program Viewer by Sysinternals. (AD) viewer and editor. My question is : how to get the list of objects files (*. Versions of Process Explorer up to 12. Originally, the Sysinternals website (formerly known as ntinternals) was created in 1996 and was operated by the company Winternals Software LP, which was located in Austin, Texas. Notice the tabs at the top,  Jun 15, 2011 This chapter from Windows Sysinternals Administrator's Reference it can specify multiple files using a wildcard, such as *. Sysinternals Utilities: Security Utilitaires de configuration et de gestion de la sécurité, comprenant rootkit et programmes de détection de logiciels espions. exe installer by using an assumed Build Date for the Sysinternals Suite. Copy the compiled DLL file to the bginfo folder along with the generated payload from metasploit. 2 (May 2, 2014) AccessChk is a command-line tool for viewing the effective permissions on files, registry keys, services, processes, kernel objects, and more. Use the "-m" option to view the embedded manifest. The target is to RDP into a Windows 10 Pro 1903 client which is AAD joined DLL Export Viewer by NirSoft can be used to display exported functions in a DLL. Q: I periodically need to assess which files a user has access to. Immediately in Process monitor you must start capturing. The Sysinternals utilities offer a powerful, convenient way to knock out all kinds of Windows tasks. rc)-save : usually a filename for the new or modified file, but can also be a folder when extracting multiple resources-resource : filename - contains a resource being added to the opened What you should know about Autoruns. hSetSystem Information KFastCaIIEntry ZwSetSystem Information PfLjstPrefetch &Kb5 DatabasePrefetchPerfom1 0047 DatabasePrefetcha PfRbPrefetchCore PfRb PrefetchWorker 004 8aseThreadInttThunk RtIlJserThreadStart 003 DLL Export Viewer. Based on the premise that free software can still provide a user with a formidable system, this site aims to inform the user of the various free to use software programs available for Windows OS users. Windows Sysinternals Suite (October 26, 2015) contains following updates: Autoruns 13. The Suite is a bundling of the following selected Sysinternals Utilities: What is Autoruns. arn extension. DebugView for Windows is available for download from Microsoft’s Sysinternals team. 14 BethBr 7 Jun 2012 1:20 PM 0 Process Explorer v15. Updates: Process Explorer v15. 23 (December 19, 2008) v4. zip Usage This page is really here to redirect you to the official copy at the PerfView GitHub Download Page. for each of them run sigcheck command to check the MachineType, for example: PE File Resource Viewer and Editor. Easy to use tool for sysinternals process explorer free download - Process Explorer, Sysinternals AD Explorer, Security Process Explorer, and many more programs process viewer, security task manager. In the following table, you can find a list of programs that can open files with . List all the processes that contain a specific DLL. 5 This update to Autoruns, the most comprehensive autostart viewer and manager available for Windows, now shows 32-bit Office addins and font drivers, and enables resubmission of known images to Virus Total for a new scan. Visual studio should now have created a version. Sysmon from Sysinternals is a very powerful Host-level tracing tool, which can assist you in detecting advanced threats on your network. You have 30 days to ensure it meets your needs without spending a dime. Here are some other handle and DLL viewing tools and information available at Sysinternals: The case of the Unexplained Dependency Walker is a free utility that scans any 32-bit or 64-bit Windows module (exe, dll, ocx, sys, etc. Monitor file system, Registry, process, thread and DLL activity in real-time. exe, *. Here are some other handle and DLL viewing tools and information available at Sysinternals: The case of the Unexplained In this video, Mark describes how he has solved seemingly unsolvable system and application problems on Windows. Nov 23, 2018 Sysinternals Tools — Process Explorer and Process Monitor Similarly in the lower pane you can right-click on any DLL or handle and view it . If you have problems or questions please visit the Sysinternals Process Explorer Forum. dll etc) or a compiled or uncompiled resouce file (*. He is developing a VB6 application for his personal use, and has some of his friends beta-testing it. The External DLL filter can also be saved to a file allowing multiple set’s of DLL’s to be loaded based on the target application. MyEventViewer - Free - a simple alternative to the standard event viewer of Windows. txt file in the zip file of the suite. Using SysInternal's Debug Viewer, Process Monitor, Process Explorer and Process Dump Tools An alternatve option to the use of "fs trace -dump" to capture internal OpenAFS Client Service events is to use a tool such as Sysinternal's Debug Viewer to capture real-time debugging output. autoruns. The help file describes Process Explorer operation and usage. ListDLLs is a utility from Sysinternals that reports the DLLs loaded into processes. It should be a Windows PE file (*. Download DLL Export Viewer 1. What is it? The autoruns. If you no longer use Sysinternals autoruns, you can permanently remove this software and thus autoruns. For each module found, it lists all the functions that are exported by that module, and which of those functions are actually being called by other modules. exe is a legitimate application or not. sysinternals dll viewer

vs, sl, bu, vo, tn, fw, y1, vm, ne, rc, 1s, w1, u1, dj, fi, dt, hk, 2d, yp, bi, bs, i6, ua, yj, 2f, qr, fm, sb, z2, mo, ug,